Iowa-American “Chauffeur’s” Pike Axe, Hampden Township (PA)

SEAGRAVE RESCUE WITH A PRIZE INSIDE. One of the interesting things about fire tool cultural anthropology is that you never know what you’re going to stumble across or where. When looking at an exhibition of new fire apparatus, you get lulled into thinking that all the tools and equipment on board will be new, too. Not so. I found a case in point at a Lancaster Fire Expo, a couple of years ago. As I was browsing in their massive exhibit area, I noticed a nice Seagrave-based heavy rescue being displayed by the Hampden Township Fire Company 30, Mechanicsburg, PA. I was actually on my way to see another unit so, after a quick inspection, I turned around and walked back by the open rear door of the squad body and continued on. But, suddenly it dawned on me that I’d almost missed a real gem, mounted unobtrusively inside the back door.

IMG_2620

ABOUT AS ICONIC AS YOU CAN GET (WHILE BEING ALMOST TOTALLY UNIQUE). There, on the left sidewall, within reach from outside the back door, was a well-cared-for example of the [by then defunct] Iowa-American Firefighting Equipment Company’s unique 8-pound “pike” axe (as they consistently referred to it). Other than using them and dragging them along to classes, I hadn’t had a thing to do with these axes during the time that I worked with Iowa-American (IA-AM), but the pick-heads were still among my very favorite tools. How could you avoid it; its appearance says “pure firefighting classic.” And, in its catalog description, IA-AM stated that it “continued their innovative tradition by reintroducing the old-style 8-pound Pike Axe, the traditional tool of [FDNY] truck company chauffeurs.” Lovely. But, the axe was hardly a typical fire service pick-head.

This one is an almost total departure from other axes of its era. Most standard FD axes have a rapidly tapering blade that terminates in a fairly thin, sharp lower cutting edge. By contrast, the IA-AM pick-head shared the blade of its older-model, flat-head sister by employing a broad, deep blade. That flat-head had a slowly narrowing blade that terminated somewhat abruptly in a rather blunt, deep-bellied edge. This was more of a “bashing” edge than a typical cutting edge. In some respects, it seemed to anticipate the breaking (versus cutting) approach to design and usage employed by (in order of blunt severity) various modern offerings such as the Fire Mauls, Iron Fox axes, and Pig/Piglet tools.

IMG_6460
Product description of Iowa-American’s 8-pound “Pike” Axe from their 5th catalog, 1995/1996. It clearly shows the pick-head’s evolution from the flat-head version which preceded it by several years.

By far, though, this axe’s most distinctive characteristic was the shape of its pick. In profile it had a vertical front edge that curved backward toward the top to intersect with a perfectly vertical back edge. However, the IA-AM’s was more vertical in front and its rearward curve was unusually abrupt. The pick itself was rather short in proportion to the overall height of the axe. And, then there was its shape– while the pick on virtually every other pick-head fire axe is rectangular or square in cross-section, this one’s was triangular. It tapered uniformly from front to back leaving a fairly sharp rear-facing edge. So, all-in-all, the weight, huge, broad blade, cast stainless steel (in most cases) material, and unique pick came together to form a perfect symbol of truck work, even though it wasn’t much at all like the vast majority of axes actually in use. That happens.

Using the “Adze” of the Hawk Head

Screen shot 2019-06-10 Hawk Peeling 8.13.15 AM
Carpeting and other bulky finish flooring materials can often be sliced into smaller, more easily managed sections using the sharp cross-cutting rib on the back of the adze.

PEELING-UP FINISHED FLOORING. As used here, peeling refers to pulling apart various layers of an assembly. A commonly encountered example is separating finish flooring materials (carpeting, sheet flooring materials, resilient tiles, ceramic tiles, slate, etc.) from their structural subflooring. These materials are generally secured in some manner.  The seams are so narrow and tight, that an overhaul tool’s prying/pulling end(s) often can’t get between them with sufficient purchase to separate them.

Fitting into tight spaces is one of the Hawk head’s strengths. The durable edge-holding of its special stainless steel alloy takes and holds whatever edge the user wants– anything from blunt to literally razor sharp.

The angle of the adze was chosen to allow use of the adze for peeling from virtually any position, standing, kneeling, or even prone.  Once  materials begin to separate, the user has several options:

  • Break flooring materials into small individual pieces (using the Hawk’s chisel tip or transverse blade) followed by a series of peeling and breaking/tearing strokes– this is often best when dealing with brittle materials such as ceramic tile, tightly glued resilient or carpet tile, or thin or patterned hardwood floors.
  • Take the material up as a single piece, by rotating the tool head 180 degrees and using the transverse blade to drag or roll the material out of the way.
  • Move the material in small sections by using the adze and the sharp cross-cutting rib inside it to slice cohesive materials such as carpeting into smaller, more manageable parts (see photo above).

PULLING TRIM (AT WAIST-LEVEL OR ABOVE). As used here, peeling refers to pulling apart various layers of an assembly. A commonly encountered example is separating finish flooring materials (carpeting, sheet flooring materials, resilient tiles, ceramic tiles, slate, etc.) from their structural subflooring. These materials are generally secured in som